Find another area »

Essex Police

About this force

Area 1,400 square miles
Recording stop and account? No
Force website Visit website

About the PCC in this area

Police & Crime Commissioner Roger Hirst (Conservative)
Email address pcc@essex.pnn.police.uk
PCC website Visit website

How many searches do police do?

April 2018 – March 2019

The police conducted 8,445 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was an increase of 159% from the previous year.

There were 41 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

April 2017 – March 2018

The police conducted 3,263 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was a reduction of 2% from the previous year.

There were 4 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

April 2016 – March 2017

The police conducted 3,339 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was an increase of 37% from the previous year.

There were 2 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

Stop and account

Essex Police do not record stop and accounts.

What are searches targeted at?

Target Proportion of searches
Drugs67%
Offensive weapons14%
Stolen property8%
Going equipped8%
Other2%
Firearms1%
Criminal damage1%

How effective are police stop and searches?

Most searches by Essex officers in 2018/19 are for drugs (67%) rather than serious or violent crime. The proportion of drugs searches has been increasing across Essex.

April 2018 – March 2019

13% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

2% of stop and searches conducted under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act lead to an arrest.

April 2017 – March 2018

13% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

April 2016 – March 2017

19% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

Who is getting searched?

In 2018/19, black people were searched at six times the rate of white people. People from mixed backgrounds were searched at just over three-and-a-half times the rate of whites, and Asians were searched at almost one and a half times the rate of white people across Essex. People from Chinese or other ethnic groups were the only  group underrepresented in searches (ie at half the rate of whites).

There were 41 searches were conducted under section 60 in 2018/19 – a power that does not require officers to suspect a person is involved in violence or carrying weapons in order to search them. One of these resulted in an arrest.

PACE disproportionality ratios

Ethnic groups Ratio
White : Black 1 : 6.0
White : Asian 1 : 2.0
White : Mixed 1 : 3.6
White : Other 1 : 0.4