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Essex Police

About this force

Area 1,400 square miles
Recording stop and account? No
Force website Visit website

About the PCC in this area

Police & Crime Commissioner Roger Hirst (Conservative)
Email address pcc@essex.pnn.police.uk
PCC website Visit website

How many searches do police do?

April 2017 – March 2018

The police conducted 3,263 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was a reduction of 2% from the previous year.

There were 4 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

April 2016 – March 2017

The police conducted 3,339 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was an increase of 37% from the previous year.

There were 2 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

April 2015 – March 2016

The police conducted 2,429 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was a reduction of 52% from the previous year.

There were 6 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

Stop and account

Essex Police do not record stop and accounts.

What are searches targeted at?

Target Proportion of searches
Drugs60%
Stolen property15%
Offensive weapons14%
Going equipped6%
Other2%
Firearms2%
Criminal damage<1%

How effective are police stop and searches?

Most searches (60%) by Essex officers in 2017/18 are for drugs rather than serious or violent crime, down seven percentage points from 67% the previous financial year.

April 2017 – March 2018

13% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

25% of stop and searches conducted under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act lead to an arrest.

April 2016 – March 2017

19% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

April 2015 – March 2016

14% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

Who is getting searched?

In 2017/18, black people were searched at nearly nine times the rate of white people. People from Asian backgrounds were searched at just over thrice the rate of whites, and those from mixed backgrounds were searched at around two and a half times the rate. People from Chinese or other ethnic groups were searched at a fifth of the rate of their whites counterparts.

There were four searches were conducted under section 60 in 2017/18 – a power that does not require officers to suspect a person is involved in violence or carrying weapons in order to search them for those items – one of which resulted in an arrest.

PACE disproportionality ratios

Ethnic groups Ratio
White : Black 1 : 8.8
White : Asian 1 : 3.2
White : Mixed 1 : 2.5
White : Other 1 : 0.2