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Essex Police

About this force

Area 1,400 square miles
Recording stop and account? No
Force website Visit website

About the PCC in this area

Police & Crime Commissioner Roger Hirst (Conservative)
Email address pcc@essex.pnn.police.uk
PCC website Visit website

How many searches do police do?

April 2016 – March 2017

The police conducted 3,339 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was an increase of 37% from the previous year.

There were 2 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

April 2015 – March 2016

The police conducted 2,429 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was a reduction of 52% from the previous year.

There were 6 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

Stop and account

Essex Police do not record stop and accounts.

What are searches targeted at?

Target Proportion of searches
Drugs67%
Going equipped10%
Offensive weapons9%
Stolen property8%
Other2%
Criminal damage2%
Firearms2%

How effective are police stop and searches?

Most searches by Essex officers are for drugs rather than serious or violent crime. In 2016/17, this rose to 67% from 60% in the previous year.

April 2016 – March 2017

19% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

April 2015 – March 2016

14% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

Who is getting searched?

Disproportionality has increased sharply in recent years and for three consecutive years, and so too has the number of searches. In 2016/17, black people were searched at over 9 times the rate of white people (up from almost 7 times previously). People from mixed or Asian backgrounds were searched at around two and a half times that rate (compared to 3 times and twice that rate, respectively). People from Chinese or other ethnic groups were searched at almost half the rate of whites (down from the same rate as whites previously). This means that disproportionality has increased for three consecutive years and suggests that government-led reforms have not benefited ethnic minorities as it has people from white backgrounds.

There were only 2 searches were conducted under section 60 in 2016/17, a power that does not require officers to suspect a person is involved in violence or carrying weapons in order to search them for those items. This is down from 6 in 2015/16.

PACE disproportionality ratios

Ethnic groups Ratio
White : Black 1 : 9.4
White : Asian 1 : 2.3
White : Mixed 1 : 2.5
White : Other 1 : 0.6