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Lancashire Constabulary

About this force

Area 2,903 square miles
Recording stop and account? No
Force website Visit website

About the PCC in this area

Police & Crime Commissioner Clive Grunshaw (Labour)
Email address info@lancashire-pcc.gov.uk
PCC website Visit website

How many searches do police do?

April 2016 – March 2017

The police conducted 3,449 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Lancashire Constabulary.

This was a reduction of 41% from the previous year.

There were 0 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

April 2015 – March 2016

The police conducted 5,877 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Lancashire Constabulary.

This was a reduction of 28% from the previous year.

There were 3 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

This was a reduction of 97% from the previous year.

Stop and account

Lancashire Constabulary do not record stop and accounts.

Lancashire is one of only nine police forces in England and Wales that record stop and accounts.

In 2013/14, a total of 2,101 recorded stop and accounts where carried out. Of these:

  • 1,944 were of whites
  • 11 were of blacks
  • 113 were of Asians
  • 9 were of people from mixed backgrounds
  • 3 were of Chinese people or those from other backgrounds

Black people were subject to an account at 1.4 times the rate of whites, Asians at 0.7 times that rate, mixed people at 0.4 times the rate of whites, and those from Chinese or Other backgrounds were encountered at 0.2 times the rate of whites.

What are searches targeted at?

Target Proportion of searches
Drugs56%
Stolen property20%
Offensive weapons11%
Going equipped8%
Firearms2%
Other1%
Criminal damage1%

How effective are police stop and searches?

More than half of all searches are for drugs rather than for serious and violent crime. In 2016/17, drugs searches account for 56% of all recorded use of section 1 powers.

April 2016 – March 2017

7% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

April 2015 – March 2016

13% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

Who is getting searched?

In 2016/17, black people were stopped and searched at over three and a half times the rate of white people across Lancashire. People from mixed backgrounds saw the greatest increase in racial disproportionality as they were searched at more than two and a half times the rate of whites (in the previous year it was one and a half). Asians were searched at almost one and a half times the rate of whites. Only those from Chinese or other ethnic groups have been consistently searched at lower rates than whites.

There were no recorded searches conducted under section 60, a power that does not require officers to have reasonable suspicion to believe that a person is carrying weapons in order to search them for such items. In the previous year there were three recorded seaches.

PACE disproportionality ratios

Ethnic groups Ratio
White : Black 1 : 3.7
White : Asian 1 : 1.4
White : Mixed 1 : 2.6
White : Other 1 : 0.3