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Lancashire Constabulary

About this force

Chief constable Steve Finnigan
Area 2,903 square miles
Recording stop and account? No

About the PCC in this area

Police & Crime Commissioner Clive Grunshaw (Labour)
Email address info@lancashire-pcc.gov.uk
PCC website Visit website
PCC's crime plan Read

How many searches do police do?

April 2015 – March 2016

The police conducted 5,877 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Lancashire Constabulary.

This was a reduction of 28% from the previous year.

There were 3 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

This was a reduction of 97% from the previous year.

April 2014 – March 2015

The police conducted 8,126 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Lancashire Constabulary.

This was a reduction of 50% from the previous year.

There were 91 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

This was a reduction of 66% from the previous year.

Stop and account

Lancashire Constabulary do not record stop and accounts.

Lancashire is one of only nine police forces in England and Wales that record stop and accounts.

In 2013/14, a total of 2,101 recorded stop and accounts where carried out. Of these:

  • 1,944 were of whites
  • 11 were of blacks
  • 113 were of Asians
  • 9 were of people from mixed backgrounds
  • 3 were of Chinese people or those from other backgrounds

Black people were subject to an account at 1.4 times the rate of whites, Asians at 0.7 times that rate, mixed people at 0.4 times the rate of whites, and those from Chinese or Other backgrounds were encountered at 0.2 times the rate of whites.

What are searches targeted at?

Target Proportion of searches
Drugs54%
Stolen property22%
Offensive weapons11%
Going equipped10%
Criminal damage2%
Other1%
Firearms1%

How effective are police stop and searches?

More than half of all searches are for drugs rather than for serious and violent crime.

April 2015 – March 2016

13% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

April 2014 – March 2015

10% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

4% of stop and searches conducted under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act lead to an arrest.

Who is getting searched?

In 2015?16, black people were stopped and searched almost at over three and a half times the rate of white people across Lancashire. Both Asians and people from mixed backgrounds were searched at over one and a half times the rate of whites; only those Chinese or other ethnic groups were under-represented in searches. These figures represent an increase in disproportionality, and suggest that, despite the recent reductions in search volumes in Lancashire and country-wide, minority groups continue to experience the least benefit from these national government-led reforms. This is particularly the case for blacks who have witnessed the sharpest rise in disproportionality in Lancashire.

There were only 3 searches conducted under section 60, a power that does not require officers to have reasonable suspicion that a person is carrying weapons in order to search them for such items. No ethnic minorities were searched under this power in 2015/16.

PACE disproportionality ratios

Ethnic groups Ratio
White : Black 1 : 3.5
White : Asian 1 : 1.6
White : Mixed 1 : 1.6
White : Other 1 : 0.3