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Norfolk Constabulary

About this force

Area 3,337 square miles
Recording stop and account? Yes
Force website Visit website

About the PCC in this area

Police & Crime Commissioner Lorne Green (Conservative)
Email address OPCCN@norfolk.pnn.police.uk
PCC website Visit website

How many searches do police do?

April 2018 – March 2019

The police conducted 3,049 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Norfolk Constabulary.

This was an increase of 38% from the previous year.

There were 3 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

April 2017 – March 2018

The police conducted 2,205 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Norfolk Constabulary.

This was a reduction of 43% from the previous year.

There were 0 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

April 2016 – March 2017

The police conducted 3,843 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Norfolk Constabulary.

This was a reduction of 29% from the previous year.

There were 2 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

Stop and account

Norfolk Constabulary record stop and accounts.

Norfolk is one of only nine police forces in England and Wales that record stop and accounts.

In 2013/14, a total of 22,340 recorded stop and accounts where carried out across the force. Of these:

  • 20,868 were of whites
  • 494 were of blacks
  • 526 were of Asians
  • 256 were of people from mixed backgrounds
  • 96 were of Chinese people or those from other backgrounds

This means that blacks were encountered at 4.3 times the rate of whites, Asians at 2.1 times that rate, mixed people at the same rate as whites, and those from Chinese or Other backgrounds were accounted at 0.7 times the rate of whites.

What are searches targeted at?

Target Proportion of searches
Drugs68%
Offensive weapons11%
Stolen property10%
Going equipped8%
Criminal damage2%
Other1%
Firearms1%

How effective are police stop and searches?

The majority of searches across Norfolk (68% in 2018/19) are for drugs rather than being targetted towards serious or violent crime. Research suggests that drugs searches tend to detect low level possession (mainly of cannabis) rather than harder drugs or disrupt the supply chain.

April 2018 – March 2019

12% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

67% of stop and searches conducted under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act lead to an arrest.

April 2017 – March 2018

8% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

April 2016 – March 2017

5% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

Who is getting searched?

Disproportionality is high in Norfolk for black and mixed race people. In 2018/19, black people were stopped and searched at 10.4 times the rate of white people, and those from mixed backgrounds were searched at seven and a half times the rate of whites. 

Asians were searched at 1.3 times the rate of whites. Only people from Chinese and 'other' backgrounds were searched below the rate of whites.

Three section 60 searches were conducted in 2017/18, a power which does not require officers to suspect that a person is carrying weapons in order to search them for those items.

PACE disproportionality ratios

Ethnic groups Ratio
White : Black 1 : 10.4
White : Asian 1 : 1.3
White : Mixed 1 : 7.5
White : Other 1 : 0.6