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West Midlands Police

About this focus area

StopWatch is coordinating a campaign in Birmingham to ensure that local communities can meet and question their candidates for the PCC 2016 elections.

Our regular partners in Birmingham is BRAP and they have twelve years experience working across a range of equalities strands in the West Midlands.

Campaign coordinated in West Midlands by:

  • BRAP

About this force

Chief constable Dave Thompson
Area 348 square miles
Recording stop and account? Unknown
Force website Visit website

About the PCC in this area

Police & Crime Commissioner David Jamieson (Labour)
PCC website Visit website
PCC's crime plan Read
Key statements on stop and search

“There are some issues of policing that have a disproportionate impact on levels of confidence such as the use of Stop and Search powers which have been a source of tension between the police and, in particular, black and minority ethnic members of the community”

How many searches do police do?

April 2015 – March 2016

The police conducted 17,993 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by West Midlands Police.

This was an increase of 15% from the previous year.

There were 75 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

April 2014 – March 2015

The police conducted 15,579 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by West Midlands Police.

This was a reduction of 35% from the previous year.

There were 10 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

This was a reduction of 52% from the previous year.

Stop and account

West Midlands Police do not record stop and accounts.

What are searches targeted at?

Target Proportion of searches
Drugs53%
Stolen property19%
Going equipped14%
Offensive weapons11%
Firearms2%
Other0%
Criminal damage0%

How effective are police stop and searches?

Stop and search use increased in 2015/16 by 15 whilst it decreased nationally by 28%.

Most searches carried out by West Midlands police offices were for drugs (53%) rather than serious or violent crime.

75 searches carried out in 2015/16 were under section 60, a power that does not require officers to suspect a person is carrying a weapon in order to search them. Of these, 23 were of white people, 15 black, 10 Asian and 1 of a mixed person. Of the 75 searches, 11 resulted in an arrest and 10 of which were for carrying weapons.

April 2015 – March 2016

16% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

April 2014 – March 2015

18% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

10% of stop and searches conducted under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act lead to an arrest.

Who is getting searched?

Disproportionality increased in 2015/16. Black people were searched at 3 and a half times the rate of whites (up from under 3 in 2014/15), people of mixed backgrounds were searched at closer to three times the rate of white people (up from twice the rate in 2014/15) and Asians were searched at closer to twice the rate of white people (marginally higher than 2014/15). People from white, Chinese or 'other' backgrounds are under-represented in searches.

PACE disproportionality ratios

Ethnic groups Ratio
White : Black 1 : 3.5
White : Asian 1 : 1.8
White : Mixed 1 : 2.6
White : Other 1 : 0.1

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