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Essex Police

About this force

Area 1,400 square miles
Recording stop and account? No
Force website Visit website

About the PCC in this area

Police & Crime Commissioner Roger Hirst (Conservative)
Email address pcc@essex.pnn.police.uk
PCC website Visit website

How many searches do police do?

April 2019 – March 2020

The police conducted 19,248 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was an increase of 128% from the previous year.

There were 873 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

This was an increase of 203% from the previous year.

April 2018 – March 2019

The police conducted 8,445 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was an increase of 159% from the previous year.

There were 41 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

April 2017 – March 2018

The police conducted 3,263 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was a reduction of 2% from the previous year.

There were 4 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

April 2016 – March 2017

The police conducted 3,339 stop and searches under PACE Section 1 across the area covered by Essex Police.

This was an increase of 37% from the previous year.

There were 2 stop and searches under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act, a power which doesn’t require individual reasonable suspicion.

Stop and account

Essex Police do not record stop and accounts.

What are searches targeted at?

Target Proportion of searches
Drugs69%
Offensive weapons13%
Stolen property7%
Going equipped7%
Other2%
Firearms1%
Criminal damage1%

How effective are police stop and searches?

Most searches by Essex officers in 2019/20 are for drugs (69%) rather than serious or violent crime. The proportion of drugs searches has been increasing across Essex.

April 2019 – March 2020

11% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

2% of stop and searches conducted under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act lead to an arrest.

April 2018 – March 2019

13% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

2% of stop and searches conducted under Section 60 Criminal Justice & Public Order Act lead to an arrest.

April 2017 – March 2018

13% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

April 2016 – March 2017

19% of stop and searches conducted under PACE Section 1 lead to an arrest.

Who is getting searched?

In 2019/20:

  • Black people in Essex were searched at just over five times the rate of White people
  • People from Mixed backgrounds were searched at just over three times the rate of White people
  • Asians were searched at just under twice the rate of Whites
  • Chinese or other ethnicities were searched at a far lower rate than Whites

There were 873 searches conducted under section 60 in 2019/20 – a power that does not require officers to suspect a person is involved in violence or carrying weapons in order to search them. Sixteen of these resulted in arrest.

PACE disproportionality ratios

Ethnic groups Ratio
White : Black 1 : 5.3
White : Asian 1 : 1.9
White : Mixed 1 : 3.3
White : Other 1 : 0.2